New Haven ; London : Yale University Press, 
Book — xii, 715 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
"By emphasizing Latin American reformers' decades-long struggle to defeat authoritarianism, this transnational history challenges the timeworn Cold War paradigm and recasts the region's political evolution Scholars persist in framing the Cold War as a battle between left and right, one in which the Global South is cast as either witting or unwitting proxies of Washington and Moscow. What if the era is told from the perspective of the many who preferred reform to revolution? Scholars have routinely neglected, dismissed, or caricatured moderate politicians. In this book, Allen Wells argues that until the Cuban Revolution, the struggle was not between capitalism and communism--that was Washington's abiding preoccupation--but between democracy and dictatorship. Beginning in the 1920s, the fight against authoritarianism was contested on multiple fronts--political, ideological, and cultural--taking on the dimensions of a political crusade. Convinced that despots represented an existential threat, reformers declared that no civilian government was safe until the cancer of dictatorship was excised from the hemisphere. Dictators retaliated, often with deadly results, exporting strategies that had been honed at home to guarantee their political survival. Grafted onto this war without borders was a belated Cold War, with all its political convulsions, the aftershocks of which are still felt today.--Dust jacket.
"The eyes of the world are on the Dominican Republic"
One good turn
Lives in the balance
Trial and error
The man who saved Sosúa
A "splendid president"
"The beginning of the end"
Ravages of aging.
Seven hundred and fifty Jewish refugees fled Nazi Germany and founded the agricultural settlement of Sosua in the Dominican Republic, then ruled by one of Latin America's most repressive dictators, General Rafael Trujillo. In "Tropical Zion", Allen Wells, a distinguished historian and the son of a Sosua settler, tells the compelling story of that dictator, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and those fortunate pioneers who founded a successful employee-owned dairy cooperative on the north shore of the island. Why did a dictator admit these desperate refugees when so few nations would accept those fleeing fascism? Eager to mollify international critics after his army had massacred 15,000 unarmed Haitians, Trujillo sent representatives to Evian, France in July, 1938 for a conference on refugees from Nazism. Proposed by FDR to deflect criticism from his administration's restrictive immigration policies, the Evian Conference proved an abject failure. The Dominican Republic was the only nation that agreed to open its doors. Obsessed with stemming the tide of Haitian migration across his nation's border, the opportunistic Trujillo sought to 'whiten' the Dominican populace, welcoming Jewish refugees who were themselves subject to racist scorn in Europe. The Roosevelt administration sanctioned the Sosua colony. Since the United States did not accept Jewish refugees in significant numbers, it encouraged Latin America to do so. That prodding, paired with FDR's overriding preoccupation with fighting fascism, strengthened U.S. relations with Latin American dictatorships for decades to come. Meanwhile, as Jewish organizations worked to get Jews out of Europe, discussions about the fate of worldwide Jewry exposed fault lines between Zionists and Non-Zionists. Throughout his discussion of these broad dynamics, Wells weaves vivid narratives about the founding of Sosua, the original settlers and their families, and the life of the unconventional beach-front colony. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
1st ed. - Austin, Tex. : University of Texas Press, Institute of Latin American Studies, 1998.
Book — viii, 271 p. : ill., map ; 23 cm.
'"Second Conquest" is well written, thoroughly documented, and attractively put together...It offers at once a useful general introduction to Latin America's late-nineteenth-century export boom and a starting point for a more detailed study of any of the specific commodities treated.' - "Hispanic American Historical Review". Between 1850 and 1930, Latin America's integration into the world economy through the export of raw materials transformed the region. This encounter was nearly as dramatic as the conquistadors' epic confrontation with Native American civilizations centuries before. An emphasis on foreign markets and capital replaced protectionism and self-sufficiency as the hemisphere's guiding principles. In many ways, the means employed during this period to tie Latin America more closely to western Europe and North America resemble strategies currently in vogue. Much can be learned from analyzing the first time that Latin Americans embraced export-led growth. This book focuses on the impact of three key export commodities: coffee, henequen, and petroleum. The authors concentrate on these rather than on national economies because they illustrate more concretely the interaction between the environment, natural and human resources, and the world economy. By analyzing how different products spun complex webs of relationships with their respective markets, the essays in this book illuminate the tensions and contradictions found in the often conflictive relationship between the local and the global, between agency and the not-so-invisible hand. Ultimately, the contributors argue that the results of the 'second conquest' were not one-sided as Latin Americans and foreigners together forged a new economic order - one riddled with contradictions that Latin America is still attempting to resolve today. (source: Nielsen Book Data)