- About the Authors ix
- Preface x
- Part I Theory 1
- 1 Basic Principles of Eddy Currents 3
- 1.1 Introduction 3
- 1.2 Faraday's Law and Lenz's Law 5
- 1.3 Proximity Effect 8
- 1.4 Resistance and Reactance Limited Eddy Currents 11
- 1.5 Electromotive Force (emf) and Potential Difference 14
- 1.6 Waves, Diffusion, and the Magneto-Quasi-static Approximation 22
- 1.7 Skin Depth or Depth of Penetration 27
- 1.8 Diffusion, Heat Transfer, and Eddy Currents 30
- 1.9 The Diffusion Equation and RandomWalks 32
- 1.10 Transient Magnetic Diffusion 34
- 1.11 Coupled Circuit Models for Eddy Currents 39
- 1.12 Summary 43
- 2 Conductors with Rectangular Cross Sections 45
- 2.1 Finite Plate: Resistance Limited 45
- 2.2 Infinite Plate: Reactance Limited 48
- 2.3 Finite Plate: Reactance Limited 53
- 2.4 Superposition of Eddy Losses in a Conductor 58
- 2.5 Discussion of Losses in Rectangular Plates 59
- 2.6 Eddy Currents in a Nonlinear Plate 68
- 2.7 Plate with Hysteresis and Complex Permeability 80
- 2.8 Conducting Plates with Sinusoidal Space Variation of Field 83
- 2.9 Eddy Currents in Multi-Layered Plate Geometries 94
- 2.10 Thin Wire Carrying Current Above Conducting Plates 100
- 2.11 Eddy Currents in Materials with Anisotropic Permeability 112
- 2.12 Isolated Rectangular Conductor with Axial Current Applied 115
- 2.13 Transient Diffusion Into a Solid Conducting Block 118
- 2.14 Eddy Current Modes in a Rectangular Core 125
- 2.15 Summary 129
- 3 Conductors with Circular Cross Sections 131
- 3.1 Axial Current in a Conductor with Circular Cross Section: Reactance-Limited Case 131
- 3.2 Axial Current in Composite Circular Conductors 136
- 3.3 Circular Conductor with Applied Axial Flux: Resistance-Limited Case 144
- 3.4 Circular Conductor with Applied Axial Flux: Reactance-Limited Case 146
- 3.5 Shielding with a Conducting Tube in an Axial Field 151
- 3.6 Circular Conductors with Transverse Applied Field: Resistance-Limited Case 155
- 3.7 Cylindrical Conductor with Applied Transverse Field: Reactance-Limited Case 157
- 3.8 Shielding with a Conducting Tube in a Transverse Field 165
- 3.9 Spherical Conductor in a Uniform Sinusoidally Time-Varying Field: Resistance-Limited Case 167
- 3.10 Diffusion Through Thin Cylinders 169
- 3.11 Surface Impedance Formulation for Electric Machines 175
- 3.12 Summary 181
- Part II Modeling 183
- 4 Formulations 185
- 4.1 Mathematical Formulations for Eddy Current Modeling 185
- 5 Finite Differences 199
- 5.1 Difference Equations 199
- 5.2 The Two-Dimensional Diffusion Equation 201
- 5.3 Time-Domain Solution of the Diffusion Equation 205
- 5.4 Equivalent Circuit Representation for Finite Difference Equations 207
- 6 Finite Elements 219
- 6.1 Finite Elements 219
- 6.2 The Variational Method 220
- 6.3 Axisymmetric Finite Element Eddy Current Formulation with Magnetic Vector Potential 248
- 7 Integral Equations 255
- 7.1 Surface Integral Equation Method for Eddy Current Analysis 255
- 7.2 Boundary Element Method for Eddy Current Analysis 260
- 7.3 Integral Equations for Three-Dimensional Eddy Currents 270
- Part III Applications 277
- 8 Induction Heating 279
- 8.1 Simplified Induction Heating Analysis 279
- 8.2 Coupled Eddy Current and Thermal Analysis: Induction Heating 285
- 9 Wattmeter 291
- 10 Magnetic Stirring 303
- 10.1 Introduction 303
- 10.2 Analysis 304
- 11 Electric Machines 311
- 11.1 Eddy Currents in Slot-Embedded Conductors 311
- 11.2 Solid Rotor Electric Machines 339
- 11.3 Squirrel Cage Induction Motor Analysis by the Finite Element Method 352
- 12 Transformer Losses 361
- 12.1 FoilWound Transformer 361
- 12.2 Phase Shifting Transformers 363
- Appendix A Bessel Functions 367
- Appendix B Separation of Variables 369
- B.1 One-Dimensional Separation of Variables in Rectangular Coordinates 369
- B.2 Two-Dimensional Separation of Variables in Cylindrical Coordinates 371
- Appendix C The Error Function 373
- Appendix D Replacing Hollow Conducting Cylinders with Line Currents Using the Method of Images 375
- Appendix E Inductance of Parallel Wires 379
- Appendix F Shape Functions for First-Order Hexahedral Element 381
- References 383
- Index 387.
"The book is a reference work describing the theory of eddy currents, solution methods and industrial applications. The book is divided into three sections. In the first section, the authors present the theory of eddy currents as well as a number of analytical and closed form solutions for several practical problems. In the second section, a number of numerical methods applied to eddy currents are described, which include finite difference, finite element and integral equation techniques. In the third section, the authors give a number of examples of the application of eddy currents to industrial problems."-- Provided by publisher.