1  10
 Gontrand, Christian.
 [S.l.] : JOHN WILEY, 2024.
 Description
 Book — 1 online resource
 Summary

 Cover
 Title Page
 Copyright Page
 Contents
 Preface
 Introduction
 Chapter 1. Bipolar Junction Transistor
 1.1. Introduction
 1.1.1. A schematic technological embodiment of an integrated bipolar junction transistor
 1.2. Transistor effect
 1.2.1. Flows and currents
 1.2.2. Compromises for bipolar junction transistor
 1.2.3. Configurations and associated current gains
 1.3. Bipolar junction transistor: some calculations
 1.3.1. Various modes of operation
 1.4. The NPN transistor
 EbersMoll model (1954: Jewell James Ebers and John L. Moll)
 1.4.1. Gummel curves
 1.4.2. Consideration of secondorder effects for the static model
 1.4.3. Early curves
 1.4.4. Base width modulation
 Early effect
 1.4.5. EbersMoll model wide signals
 1.4.6. Current gain
 1.5. Simple bipolar junction transistor model
 1.6. Network of static characteristics of the bipolar junction transistor
 1.6.1. Common emitter configuration
 1.6.2. Common emitter configuration with emitter degeneration
 1.7. Some applications
 1.7.1. Current mirrors
 1.7.2. Differential pair
 1.7.3. Output stage
 1.8. Application: operational amplifier
 1.9. BiCMOS
 Chapter 2. MOSFET
 2.1. Introduction
 2.1.1. Base structure
 2.1.2. Working principle
 2.2. MOS capability: electric model and curve C(V)
 2.3. Different types of MOS transistors
 2.4. A CMOS technological process
 2.5. Electric modeling of the NMOS enhancement transistor
 2.6. Off state
 2.7. Linear or ohmic or unsaturated regime
 2.7.1. Saturation regime
 2.7.2. High saturation velocity
 2.7.3. Static characteristics
 2.8. Applications
 2.8.1. Digital inverter
 2.8.2. Active resistor
 2.8.3. MOS Single current mirror
 Preface ix
 Introduction xiii
 Chapter 1 Bipolar Junction Transistor 1
 1.1 Introduction 1
 1.1.1 A schematic technological embodiment of an integrated bipolar junction transistor 2
 1.2 Transistor effect 4
 1.2.1 Flows and currents 5
 1.2.2 Compromises for bipolar junction transistor 6
 1.2.3 Configurations and associated current gains 7
 1.3 Bipolar junction transistor: some calculations 9
 1.3.1 Various modes of operation 15
 1.4 The NPN transistor; EbersMoll model (1954: Jewell James Ebers and John L Moll) 16
 1.4.1 Gummel curves 18
 1.4.2 Consideration of secondorder effects for the static model 19
 1.4.3 Early curves 20
 1.4.4 Base width modulation; Early effect 20
 1.4.5 EbersMoll model wide signals 22
 1.4.6 Current gain 26
 1.5 Simple bipolar junction transistor model 27
 1.6 Network of static characteristics of the bipolar junction transistor 27
 1.6.1 Common emitter configuration 31
 1.6.2 Common emitter configuration with emitter degeneration 34
 1.7 Some applications 35
 1.7.1 Current mirrors 35
 1.7.2 Differential pair 38
 1.7.3 Output stage 41
 1.8 Application: operational amplifier 43
 1.9 BiCMOS 43
 Chapter 2 MOSFET 45
 2.1 Introduction 45
 2.1.1 Base structure 45
 2.1.2 Working principle 46
 2.2 MOS capability: electric model and curve C(V) 47
 2.3 Different types of MOS transistors 49
 2.4 A CMOS technological process 50
 2.5 Electric modeling of the NMOS enhancement transistor 52
 2.6 Off state 52
 2.7 Linear or ohmic or unsaturated regime 52
 2.7.1 Saturation regime 53
 2.7.2 High saturation velocity 53
 2.7.3 Static characteristics 54
 2.8 Applications 56
 2.8.1 Digital inverter 56
 2.8.2 Active resistor 58
 2.8.3 MOS Single current mirror 59
 2.8.4 MOS differential amplifier 60
 2.9 Explained technological steps of a CMOS 60
 Chapter 3 Devices Dedicated to Radio Frequency: Toward Nanoelectronics 75
 3.1 Introduction 75
 3.2 Model for HBT SiGeC and device structure 76
 3.2.1 Modeling the driftdiffusion equation 76
 3.3 MOS of the future? 83
 3.3.1 Introduction 83
 3.3.2 DGMOS 84
 3.3.3 Transport in nanoscale MOSFETs 85
 3.3.4 Numerical methods 87
 3.4 Conclusion 111
 3.5 MATLAB use 112
 3.5.1 Computeraided modelling and simulations: synopsis 112
 3.5.2 Calculation of the second elementary member ρ1 139
 3.6 Conclusion 185
 Appendix 187
 References 211
 Index 213.
 Gontrand, Christian, author.
 London, UK : ISTE, Ltd. ; Hoboken, NJ : Wiley, 2024.
 Description
 Book — 1 online resource (272 pages)
 Summary

 Preface
 Chapter 1 On Analog Circuits
 1.1 Introduction: miscellaneous
 1.1.1 SPICE
 1.1.2 Technologies: conceptionaided design
 1.1.3 Resistor technologies
 1.2 A simple but realistic amplifier circuit: the bipolar junction transistor with a common emitter
 1.2.1 Small signal equivalent schematic of common feedback emitter with base bridge
 1.2.2 Current gain calculation
 1.3 Integrated circuit design
 1.4 Current sources
 1.4.1 Simple current sources
 1.4.2 Wildar current source
 1.4.3 Wilson current source
 1.4.4 Current source and voltage source
 1.4.5 Advantages and disadvantages of both sources: one phase and Wildar
 1.4.6 Cascodeconnected current source
 1.4.7 Single current source
 1.4.8 Improved Wilson current source
 1.5 A historic circuit: the 741 operational amplifier
 1.5.1 Active charge
 1.5.2 741 description
 1.5.3 Continuous analysis
 1.5.4 Analysis of 741 small signals
 1.5.5 The third stage
 1.5.6 Considering the effect of the second order: computer analysis
 1.6 Electric simulator
 1.6.1 Analysis of steadystate linear circuits
 1.6.2 Transitional analysis
 1.6.3 Nonlinear system: NewtonRaphson method
 1.7 Simulation of a system with several active devices
 1.8 Basic analog functional blocks in (C)MOS technology
 1.8.1 Common source NMOS transistors
 1.8.2 Reminder on the general structure of the operational amplifier
 1.9 Conclusion
 Chapter 2 Noise and Interference in Mixed Circuits
 2.1 Introduction
 2.2 Ground or power supply noise and substrate coupling
 2.2.1 Noise propagation in a silicon substrate
 2.2.2 Simulation methodology
 2.3 Noise in integrated oscillator circuits
 2.3.1 Oscillator design considerations
 2.3.2 VCO topography
 2.3.3 Results and discussion
 2.4 Sensitivity functions
 2.5 New developments in impulse sensitivity function
 2.5.1 Oscillators: brief recap of the theory
 2.5.2 Pulse sensitivity function (with some recap)
 2.5.3 Influence of digital blocks on analog blocks
 Chapter 3 From 2D to 3D: Opportunities and Challenges
 3.1 Introduction
 3.2 3D integration
 3.2.1 3D impedance extraction
 3.2.2 Model validation
 3.2.3 Interconnections: compact models
 3.2.4 Validation: test structures
 3.2.5 Numerical simulations
 3.2.6 Prospects and future directions
 3.3 Conclusion
 References
 Index.
 Gontrand, Christian, author.
 London, England ; Hoboken, New Jersey : ISTE, Ltd. : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated, [2022]
 Description
 Book — 1 online resource (x, 281 pages) : illustrations.
 Summary

 Magnetic field
 Magnetic forces and their work
 Magnetic media
 Induction
 Propagation: special relativity
 Conclusion.
 Gontrand, Christian.
 Newark : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated, 2023.
 Description
 Book — 1 online resource (302 pages)
 Summary

 Cover
 Title Page
 Copyright Page
 Contents
 Preface
 Chapter 1. Magnetic Field
 1.1. Overview of history
 1.2. Magnetic fields and magnetic forces
 1.2.1. First experiments
 1.2.2. Topography: invariances and symmetries
 1.3. Magnetic fields created by currents
 1.3.1. Magnetic field created by a volume current distribution
 1.3.2. Magnetic field created by a surface current distribution or by a filiform current element
 1.4. BiotSavart experiment
 1.5. From field B to vector potential A
 1.6. Symmetry and invariance properties of the magnetic field related to the symmetry and invariances of the current distribution
 1.6.1. Distribution of currents having a plane of symmetry
 1.6.2. Current distribution and antisymmetry plane
 1.6.3. Invariance
 1.7. Calculation of the magnetic field (principle of)
 1.7.1. Examples of field calculations
 1.8. Circulation properties of B. Ampère's theorem
 1.8.1. Integral form of Ampère's theorem
 1.8.2. Local form of Ampère's theorem
 1.9. Magnetic field flux conservation
 vector potential
 1.9.1. Local relationship
 1.9.2. Integral relationship
 magnetic flux
 1.9.3. Potential vector of the magnetic field
 1.10. Transit relationships
 1.10.1. Circulation property of B. Discontinuity of the tangential component of B
 1.10.2. Flow property of B. Continuity of the normal component of B
 Chapter 2. Magnetic Forces and their Work
 2.1. Introduction: Academy of Sciences
 2.2. Action of a magnetic field on a circuit through which a current flows
 2.2.1. Ampère/Laplace force
 2.3. Current in a conductor subjected to an electromagnetic field
 2.3.1. Examples: action of a rectilinear wire, through which a current flows on another rectilinear wire
 2.4. Local Ohm's law
 2.5. Hall effect
 2.5.1. Hall effect applications (Figure 2.9).
 2.6. Ampère/Laplace magnetic forces on a conductor (Figures 2.10 and 2.11)
 2.6.1. Ampère definition
 2.7. Work of electromagnetic forces
 2.7.1. Cutoff flow theorem
 2.7.2. Case of a closed circuit through which a constant current I flows: Maxwell's theorem
 2.8. Application to the study of torsor of magnetic forces exerted by an invariable field on a rigid circuit
 2.9. Potential energy
 2.9.1. Case of a transverse displacement
 2.9.2. Case of a rotation
 2.10. Example: flux of a turn in a magnetic field
 2.10.1. Turn in a transverse displacement
 2.10.2. Turn in rotation
 2.11. Potential energy of interaction with a magnetic field: magnetic dipole
 2.11.1. Magnetic force and moment acting on the loop
 2.12. Electrostatic/magnetostatic analogy
 Chapter 3. Magnetic Media
 3.1. Introduction: orbital and spin magnetic moments
 3.2. Experimental studies
 3.3. Microscopic origins of magnetism: basic concepts
 3.3.1. Diamagnetism
 3.3.2. Paramagnetism
 3.3.3. Ferromagnetism
 3.4. Macroscopic appearance
 magnetization intensity
 3.4.1. Diamagnetic and paramagnetic materials
 3.5. Determining the magnetic field created by a magnetized medium
 3.5.1. Vector potential of a closed circuit, at a point in the vacuum
 3.6. Macroscopic aspects
 magnetization currents
 3.6.1. Total magnetic field in the presence of magnetic media
 3.6.2. General equations of magnetostatics in the presence of magnetized media
 3.7. Generalized Ampère's theorem: magnetic excitation
 3.7.1. Transit relationships
 3.8. Perfect magnetic media or HLI media
 homogeneous, linear, isotropic (Figure 3.21)
 3.8.1. Definition
 3.9. Magnetic field equations for perfect materials and vacuum
 3.9.1. Hysteresis loop
 3.9.2. Applications
 Chapter 4. Induction
 4.1. Introduction: variable regimes.
 4.2. Properties of electrical induction and magnetic field
 4.3. Phenomenon of electromagnetic induction
 4.3.1. FaradayLenz law
 4.3.2. Terminology and classification of induction phenomena
 4.3.3. Static or Neumann induction and motional or Lorentz induction
 4.3.4. Motional or Lorentz induction
 4.4. Different inductions
 4.4.1. Autoinduction electromotive force
 4.4.2. Mutual inductance
 coupling coefficient
 4.5. Applications
 4.6. Electromechanical conversion
 moving bar in a uniform Bfield
 4.6.1. We place ourselves in the laboratory repository
 4.6.2. We place ourselves in the frame of reference to the bar
 4.7. Vector potential and quantum mechanics
 4.8. Appendix: another example of an induction problem
 4.8.1. Coil with tubeshaped conductive core
 Chapter 5. Propagation: Special Relativity
 5.1. Introduction
 5.1.1. Potential of a moving charge: general solution by Liénard and Wiercherts
 5.1.2. Spherical waves
 5.2. Light and electromagnetic waves
 5.2.1. Spherical wave from a point source
 5.2.2. Paradox of advanced actions
 5.3. Relativity
 5.3.1. Galileo's relativity
 5.3.2. Special relativity
 5.3.3. Charges in motion: from "Coulomb" to "Ampère"
 5.3.4. Note on Lorentz equations
 Conclusion
 Appendices
 Appendix 1. Ampère/Laplace Magnetic Actions Undergone by a Current Loop Placed in an External Magnetic Field
 Appendix 2. Magnetostatic Potential Energy of a Current System (Perfect Media)
 Appendix 3. Operator Expressions in Cartesian Coordinates
 Appendix 4. Some Key Players in Electromagnetism and Special Relativity
 References
 Index
 EULA.
6. Digital communication techniques [2020]
 Gontrand, Christian.
 London : ISTE, Ltd. ; Hoboken : Wiley, 2020.
 Description
 Book — 1 online resource (347 pages)
 Summary

 Acknowledgements ix
 Preface xi
 Introduction xiii
 History Pages xxxv
 List of Acronyms xxxix
 Chapter 1. Modulation 1
 1.1. Modulation? 1
 1.1.1. Main reasons for modulation 1
 1.1.2. Main modulation schemas 1
 1.1.3. Criteria for modulation via electronics 2
 1.1.4. Digital modulation: why do it? 2
 1.2. Main technical constraints 2
 1.3. Transmission of information (analog or digital) 6
 1.3.1. Characteristics of the signal that can be modified 7
 1.3.2. Amplitude and phase representation in the complex plane 7
 1.4. Probabilities of error 10
 1.4.1. Bit error ratio versus signal to noise ratio 11
 1.4.2. Demodulator: intended recipient decoder 12
 1.5. Vocabulary of digital modulation 14
 1.6. Principles of digital modulations 17
 1.6.1. Polar display 19
 1.6.2. Variations of parameters: amplitude, phase, frequency 19
 1.6.3. Representation in a complex plane 20
 1.6.4. Eye diagram 21
 1.7. Multiplexing 23
 1.7.1. Frequency multiplexing 24
 1.7.2. Multiplexing  time 25
 1.7.3. Multiplexing  code 26
 1.7.4. Geographical (spatial) multiplexing 26
 1.8. Main formats for digital modulations 26
 1.8.1. Phaseshift keying 28
 1.8.2. BPSK 31
 1.8.3. The QPSK 37
 1.9. Error vector module and phase noise 63
 1.9.1. Plot QPSK reference constellation 69
 1.9.2. Effects of phase noise on 16QAM 75
 1.9.3. Phase noise: effects of the signal spectrum 76
 1.9.4. Algorithms 78
 1.9.5. Spectrum analyzer 79
 1.9.6. Measures of the error vector module of a signal modulated by a noisy 16QAM 81
 1.10. Gaussian noise (AWGN) 81
 1.10.1. AWGN channel 83
 1.10.2. Ratio between EsNo and SNR 84
 1.10.3. Behavior for real and complex input signals 85
 1.11. QAM modulation in an AWGN channel 85
 1.11.1. QAM demodulation 89
 1.11.2. Detecting phase error 90
 1.12. Frequencyshift keying 93
 1.12.1. Binary FSK 94
 1.13. Minimumshift keying 95
 1.13.1. Bit error ratio (BER)/Gaussian channel 97
 1.13.2. Typical analytical expressions used in "berawgn" 98
 1.14. Amplitudeshift keying 99
 1.14.1. Onoff keying 99
 1.14.2. Modulation at "M states" 101
 1.15. Quadrature amplitude modulation 104
 1.15.1. Limits on theoretical spectral efficiency 105
 1.15.2. I/Q imbalance 106
 1.15.3. QAMM constellations 109
 1.16. Digital communications transmitters 117
 1.16.1. A digital communications receiver 118
 1.16.2. Measures of power 120
 1.16.3. Power of the adjacent channel 121
 1.16.4. Frequency measures 121
 1.16.5. Synchronization measures 123
 1.17. Applications 129
 1.17.1. Domains 129
 1.17.2. Digressions or precisions, around modulations 131
 Chapter 2. Some Developments in Modulation Techniques 137
 2.1. Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing 137
 2.1.1. Introduction 137
 2.1.2. Multicarrier modulations 138
 2.1.3. General principles 143
 2.1.4. How to choose N? 145
 2.1.5. Practical aspects 145
 2.1.6. COFDM 147
 2.1.7. Equalization and decoding 149
 2.1.8. The multiuser context 150
 2.1.9. Code division multiple access 150
 2.1.10. Schematic ordinogram 152
 2.1.11. Data in OFDM 155
 2.1.12. OFDM: advantages and disadvantages 156
 2.1.13. Intermediate conclusion 157
 2.1.14. QPSK and OFDM with MATLAB system objects 159
 2.1.15. FDM versus OFDM: difference between FDM and OFDM 162
 2.2. A note on orthogonality 170
 2.3. Global System for Mobile Communications 174
 2.3.1. Introduction 174
 2.3.2. Forming a GSM 175
 2.4. MIMO 178
 2.4.1. Introduction 178
 2.4.2. Principles 178
 2.4.3. Uses 182
 Chapter 3. Signal Processing: Sampling 183
 3.1. Ztransforms 183
 3.1.1. Transforms 183
 3.1.2. Inverse ztransform 184
 3.2. Basics of signal processing 187
 3.3. Real discretezation processing 190
 3.3.1. Real discretization comb 190
 3.3.2. Real sampled signal 191
 3.3.3. Blocked, sampled signal 191
 3.3.4. Model of real sampled signals 192
 3.3.5. Uniform quantifying 192
 3.3.6. Signal quantification step: rounding 192
 3.3.7. Signal quantification step: troncature 193
 3.3.8. Quantification solution 193
 3.3.9. Additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN): a simple but effective model 193
 3.3.10. Quantification error and quantification noise 193
 3.3.11. In practice, sample and hold and CAN 194
 3.3.12. Spectra of periodic signals 195
 3.3.13. Nonperiodic signal spectrums 195
 3.3.14. PSD versus delay 197
 3.3.15. FT of a product: the Plancherel theorem 197
 3.3.16. Periodic signal before sampling 198
 3.3.17. Spectrum of sampled signals 198
 3.3.18. Conditions for sampling frequency 199
 3.4. Coding techniques (summary) 200
 Chapter 4. A Little on Associated Hardware 203
 4.1. Voltagecontrolled oscillator 203
 4.2. Impulse sensitivity function 209
 4.3. Phase noise 210
 4.3.1. At passage to zero 212
 4.3.2. At the peaks 212
 4.4. Phaselocked loop 219
 4.4.1. Study of a fundamental tool: the PLL 219
 4.4.2. Schematic structure of the PLL 220
 4.4.3. Operation of the loop: acquisition and locking 222
 4.4.4. Charge pump 229
 Conclusion 231
 Appendices 233
 Appendix 1 235
 Appendix 2 243
 Appendix 3 263
 References 291
 Index 293.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
 Gontrand, Christian, author.
 1st edition.  WileyISTE, 2020.
 Description
 Book — 1 online resource (380 pages) Digital: text file.
 Summary

There have been considerable developments in information and communication technology. This has led to an increase in the number of applications available, as well as an increase in their variability. As such, it has become important to understand and master problems related to establishing radio links, the layout and flow of source data, the power available from antennas, the selectivity and sensitivity of receivers, etc. This book discusses digital modulations, their extensions and environment, as well as a few basic mathematical tools. An understanding of degree level mathematics or its equivalent is a prerequisite to reading this book. Digital Communication Techniques is aimed at licensed professionals, engineers, Master's students and researchers whose field is in related areas such as hardware, phaselocked loops, voltagecontrolled oscillators or phase noise.
 Gontrand, Christian, author.
 London : ISTE Press, 2018.
 Description
 Book — 1 online resource : illustrations
 Summary

Micronanoelectronics Devices: Modeling of Diffusion and Operation Processes concentrates on the modeling of diffusion processes and the behavior of modern integrated components, from material, to architecture. It goes through the process, the device and the circuit regarding today's widely discussed nanoelectronics, both from an industry perspective and that of public entities.
 Gontrand, Christian, author.
 Sharjah, U.A.E. : Bentham Science Publishers, [2014?]
 Description
 Book — 1 online resource
 Summary

 Cover; TItle; EUL; Contents; Foreword; Preface; Chapter 01; Chapter 02; Chapter 03; Chapter 04; Chapter 05; Index.
10. Smart power integration [2022]
 Abouelatta, Mohamed, author.
 [Place of publication not identified] : John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2022.
 Description
 Book — 1 online resource.
 Summary

 Front Matter
 Overview of Smart Power Integration
 Modular or Hybrid Integration
 Monolithic Integration
 Technology for Simulating Power Integrated Systems
 3D Electrothermal Integration
 Substrate Coupling in Smart Power Integration
 Conclusion
 Semiconductor Physical Models
 References
 Index
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