Jacksonville, Florida : American Association of Avian Pathologists,  Madison, WI : Omnipress
Book — viii, 300 pages : color illustrations ; 29 cm
"The sections in the book are organized by diseases, which are grouped by etiology. Each section consists of text and pictures of gross lesions. The majority of pictures were taken in situ to show how the lesions appear at necropsy. Although gross lesions are emphasized, etiology, clinical signs and, if applicable, pathogenesis of the disease process and transmission of infectious agent are included. More than 1,200 high-quality figures show the gross pathology of over 120 avian diseases. The overwhelming majority of pictures come from diagnostic cases that the authors have seen during their careers as avian pathologists. Several figures are included for some diseases to show gross lesions in organs and tissues that vary in distribution, extent and severity"--Publisher's description.
Book — 2 v. (xxiii, 1306 p.,  leaves of plates) : ill. (some col.), maps ; 24 cm.
List of Tables
List of Figures
List of Maps
List of Boxes
Foreword by Professor Mohamed Salih
1. Dynamics in Pastoral Livelihoods: Sedentarisation, Agro-Pastoralism and Changes in Natural Resource Management in Northern Kenya
2. Theoretical Orientation: The Components of Pastoral Livelihoods
3. Methodology Used
4. Introduction to the Study Area
5. Settling on the Slopes of Marsabit Mountain
6. Acquisition of Land on Marsabit Mountain
7. Household Animal Holdings in Marsabit
8. Water Access, Use and Management
9. The Marsabit Montane Forest and its Resources: The Importance of Reconciling Conservation and Livelihood Values of the Forest Ecosystem.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Shows how mainstream academic thinking on pastoralism ignores the developments within pastoral societies themselves. This work argues for a redefinition of 'pastoralism' as a production system and as a social identity marker. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Book — xviii, 643 p.,  p. of plates : ill. (some col.), maps ; 24 cm.
Part 1 Introduction: social environment - the envelope - shapes, materials and construction
temperature - control of heating and colling
water composition - the management of salinity, hardness and evaporation
water motion - waves, currents and plumbing
tides - simulating the effects of sun and moon
the input of solar energy - light requirements
substrate - management of rock, mud and sand. Part 2 Biochemical environment: metabolism - respiration, photosynthesis, and biological loading
organisms and gas exchange - oxygen, carbon dioxide and pH
nitrogenous wastes and nutrients - nitrogen, phosphorus, and the micronutrients
control of the biochemical environment - filters, bacteria, and the algal turf scrubber. Part 3 Biological structure: community structure - the framework
trophic structure - ecosystems and the dynamics of food chains
primary producers - plants that gorw on the bottom
herbivores - predators of plants
carnivores - predators of animals
plankters and planktivores - the floating plants and animals and their predators
detritus and detritivores - the dynamics of muddy bottoms
other feeders - commensalism, symbiosis and parasitism. Part 4 Ecological systems in microcosms, mesocosms, and aquaria: models of coral reef ecosystems
a subarctic shore - the Maine coast
estuaries - ecosystem modelling where fresh and salt waters interact
freshwater ecosystem models
microcosms, mesocosms, and aquaria - a synthesis.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
"Dynamic Aquaria" is the outgrowth of years of research aimed at studying how to accurately model and construct living ecosystems in mesocosms, mircrocosms, and aquaria. It presents scientifically sound information for a growing new area of science, synthetic ecology, or the construction of living ecosystems. At the same time, the authors present thoughtful perspectives on how the knowledge gained by creating these smaller ecosystems helps us to understand our wild ecosystems and biosphere as a whole. The book presents new concepts that will provide scientists, professional aquarists, and hobbyists with the opportunity to learn how to more closely approximate natural ecosystems in closed, artificial environments. It covers the interactions of the physical and biochemical environments as they relate to various size model systems and their natural counterparts. The book also introduces a core ecological concept - the food web - into aquarium science and discusses some of the food web and the community structure are compressed into a limited space. Several model ecosystems, ranging in size from the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park in Australia and Everglades mesocosm located at the Smithsonian Natural History Museum in Washington DC, to salt, brackish, and fresh water ecosystems of smaller aquarium size are discussed. For the scientist, this book presents an array of new approaches, some revolutionary, to the development and operation of experimental ecosystems. For the professional aquarist, this book demonstrates the ever-expanding possibilities for creating functioning ecosystems for educational display. For the hobbyist, it demonstrates the practical potential for building and operating true, "natural" ecosystems, rather than artifical habitats that house a few selected organisms. All the readers will benefit from the authors' discussions of how understanding these ecosystems and our ability to stimulate them increases our knowledge of ecology in general and of our biosphere in total. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Book — xx, 498 p.,  p. of plates : ill. (some col.), maps ; 28 cm.
Introduction. Physical Environment: The Envelope, Its Physical Parameters and Energy State. Substrate. Water Composition. Input of Solar Energy. Input of Organic Energy. Biochemical Environment: Metabolism. Organisms and Gas Exchange. The Primary Nutrients--Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Silica. Biomineralization & Calcification. Control of the Biochemical Environment. Biological Structure: Community Structure. Trophic Structure. Primary Producers. Herbivores. Carnivores. Plankton and Planktivores. Detritus and Detritivores. Symbionts and Other Feeders. Ecological Systems in Microcosms, Mesocosms, and Aquaria: Models of Coral Reef Ecosystems. A Subarctic Shore, Maine. Estuaries, Chesapeake, and Everglades. Freshwater. The Environment and Ecological Engineering: The Culturing of Ecosystems for the Aquarium Hobby. The Control of Human Wastewaters. Summary.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
This unique, respected book brings together the diverse modeling efforts of two decades of research in the Smithsonian Marine Systems Laboratory. "Dynamic Aquaria, Second Edition" integrates the fields of ecology and aquarium science to give readers a better understanding of simulated ecosystem function and ecological food webs. In a new larger format, the Second Edition presents the limitations imposed upon these webs by their compression into micro- and mesocosms. The book demonstrates mainstream ecological research alongside practical issues of aquaria construction, and successfully presents essential aspects of ecological systems in an accessible fashion. It describes the introduction and testing of numerous new techniques for simulating the functional and biodiversity of ecosystems in relatively small dimension. The Second Edition includes new advancements in the field and two new chapters on suspended particulates (inorganic and organic) and biomineralization. Approximately one-third of the photographs are entirely new. It: incorporates new information regarding simulated ecosystem function; includes new photographs and two new chapters on suspended particulates (inorganic and organic) and biomineralization; demonstrates the status of the science today and points out where newly developed techniques have worked and where they need improvement; brings up to date the relationship between biological and ecological theory and practice and the expanding concepts of living model development; demonstrates the potential and requirements needed to provide laboratory ecosystems with hands on ecological instruction; contains an inexhaustible source of organisms and their chemical products; points the way to affordable, large scale techniques to achieve exceptional waste water purities for a wide variety of domestic and industrial needs; and, provides a guide to the culture and display of organisms in their rightful milieu, the ecosystem. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
3rd ed. - London, UK ; Bulington, MA, USA : Academic, 2007.
Book — xvi, 508 p.,  p. of plates : ill. (some col.), maps ; 29 cm.
1. Introduction Part I: Physical Environment
2. The Envelope: Physical Parameters and Energy State
3. Substrate: The Active Role of Rock, Mud, and Sand
4. Water Composition: Management of Salinity, Hardness, and Evaporation
5. The Input of Solar Energy: Lighting Requirements
6. The Input of Organic Energy: Particulates and Feeding Part II : Biochemical Environment
7. Metabolism: Respiration, Photosynthesis, and Biological Loading
8. Organisms and Gas Exchange: Oxygen, Carbon Dioxide, pH, and Alkalinity
9. The Primary Nutrients-Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Silica: Limitation and Eutrophication
10. Biomineralization and Calcification: A Key to Biosphere and Ecosystem Function
11. Control of the Biochemical Environment: Filters, Bacteria, and the Algal Turf Scrubber Part III: Biological Structure
12. Community Structure: Biodiversity in Model Ecosystems
13. Trophic Structure: Ecosystems and the Dynamics of Food Chains
14. Primary Producers: Plants That Grow on the Bottom
15. Herbivores: Predators of Plants and Omnivores, Predators of Plants and Animals
16. Carnivores: Predators of Animals
17. Plankton and Planktivores: Floating Plants and Animals and Their Predators
18. Detritus and Detritivores: The Dynamics of Muddy Bottoms
19. Symbionts and Other Feeders Part IV: Ecological Systems in Microcosms, Mesocosms, and Aquaria
20. Models of Coral Reef Ecosystems
21. A Subarctic/Boreal Microcosm: Test of a Biogeographic Model
22. Estuaries: Ecosystem Modeling and Restoration: Where Fresh and Salt Waters Interact
23. Freshwater Ecosystem Models Part V: The Environment and Ecological Engineering
24. Organisms and Natural Products: Commercial Ecosystem Culture
25. Large Scale Water Quality Management with Solar Energy Capture Part VI: Summary
26. Microcosms, Mesocosms, and Macrocosms: Building and Restoring Ecosystems: A Synthesis.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
In its third edition, this praised book demonstrates how the living systems modeling of aquatic ecosystems for ecological, biological and physiological research, and ecosystem restoration can produce answers to very complex ecological questions. Dynamic Aquaria further offers an understanding developed in 25 years of living ecosystem modeling and discusses how this knowledge has produced methods of efficiently solving many environmental problems. Public education through this methodology is the additional key to the broader ecosystem understanding necessary to allow human society to pass through the next evolutionary bottleneck of our species. Living systems modeling as a wide spectrum educational tool can provide a primary vehicle for that essential step. This third editon covers the many technological and biological developments in the eight plus years since the second edition, providing updated technological advice and describing many new example aquarium environments. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Shelter Management for Alleviation of Heat Stress in Cows and Buffaloes.
Dr. Anjali Aggarwal is working as a Senior Scientist at National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal (India). She holds a PhD degree in Animal Physiology and is involved in research and teaching at post-graduate level. Her area of research work is stress and environmental physiology. She has more than 50 publications, two technical bulletins, four manuals and many book chapters to her credit. She has successfully guided many post-graduate and PhD students. Her major research accomplishments are on microclimatic modification for alleviation of heat and cold stress, mist and fan cooling systems for cows and buffaloes, and use of wallowing tank in buffaloes. Her work involves the use of technology of supplementing micronutrients during dry period and early lactation to crossbred and indigenous cows for alleviating metabolic and oxidative stress and improved health and productivity. Studies are also done in her lab on partitioning of heat loss from skin and pulmonary system of cattle and buffaloes as a result of exercise or exposure to heat stress. Dr. R.C. Upadhyay is working as Head, Dairy Cattle Physiology Division at National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal (India). He graduated in Veterinary Sciences and obtained his PhD degree in Animal Physiology. His area of recent research is climate change, stress, and environmental physiology. His major research accomplishment is on climate change impact assessment of milk production and growth in livestock. His work also involves studying methane conversion and emission factors for Indian livestock and use of IPCC methodology of methane inventory of Indian livestock. Heat shock protein-70 expression studies in cattle and buffaloes are also done in his lab. Draught animal power evaluation, fatigue assessment, work-rest cycle and work limiting factors form the highlights of his work. Studies on partitioning of heat loss from skin and pulmonary system of cattle and buffaloes and electrocardiographic studies in cattle, buffalo, sheep and goat are also undertaken in his lab. He has more than 75 research papers, four books and several book chapters to his credit. Technologies developed and research done by him include methodology of methane measurement: open and closed circuit for cattle and buffaloes; inventory of methane emission from livestock using IPCC methodology; livestock stress index: thermal stress measurement based on physiological functions; and draught power evaluation system and large animal treadmill system. He received training in Radio-nuclides in medicine at Australian School of Nuclear Technology, Lucas heights, NSW, Australia in 1985 and Use of radioisotopes in cardiovascular investigations at CSIRO, Prospect, NSW, Australia, during 1985-86. He has guided several post-graduate and PhD students. He is recipient of Hari Om Ashram Award-1990 (ICAR) for outstanding research in animal sciences. (source: Nielsen Book Data)