- Geneva : World Health Organization, 1990.
- Book — v, 48 p. : map ; 24 cm.
This book establishes a standardized basis for the counselling of persons affected directly or indirectly by HIV infection and AIDS. Prepared in consultation with a large number of counsellors, health educators, and persons with HIV infection, the book describes the essential content of counselling either before or after HIV antibody testing. Throughout, emphasis is placed on the importance of counselling as both a routine component of strategies for prevention and control and a means of empowering the individual to cope with the profound emotional, social, behavioural and medical consequences of HIV infection and associated disease. The opening chapter presents basic facts about HIV infection, its clinical manifestations, modes of transmission, and global epidemiological patterns. The steep increase in the number of AIDS cases observed throughout the world is used to underscore the importance of counselling services, both to support those already infected and to prevent further transmission. Readers are reminded that counselling involves much more than a single or occasional informal discussion and that health workers need special training to acquire the appropriate skills. Subsequent chapters define the content, objectives, and basic principles of both prevention-related and supportive counselling. Details range from an explanation of the essential features and activities of counselling to a discussion of conditions that can either delay or encourage constructive behavioural change. The book concludes with a page of instructions for condom users, a series of general guidelines for preventing the sexual transmission of HIV, and an explanation of 14 practical points that provide a framework for living with HIV and should therefore be included in all counselling sessions.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)