Lanham ; Boulder ; New York ; London : Lexington Books, 
Book — xxxv, 155 pages ; 24 cm
Introduction: From sea to sand
Land and sea : the two historical disruptions and sectarian order maintenance
Shooting at the sheikh : the criminalization of tribal rivalry
"You brother of a prostitute" : honor, insults, and crime
Sectarian tashwish : anti-Shi'a violence and Sunni-dominated policing
"Mad, no house, no money" : sect-based citizenship and crime
Conclusion: Bahrain and transitional justice.
Sectarian Order in Bahrain connects the rise of colonial criminal justice in Bahrain and sectarianism, making detailed use of an archival cache of colonial criminal court cases in the British Library, and offering a critical analysis. Using primary and secondary historical documents, including ethnographic and anthropological accounts, the book links major themes in critical and cultural criminology, southern criminology, historical sociology, post-colonialism, and Gulf studies which have not been adequately examined together. It drills down on an important group of surviving criminal court case files, and shows how they can describe the problem of and inform solutions to sectarian discrimination in Bahrain. There are two major shifts in notions of the social order and order maintenance that characterize the 20th century, highlighting a sectarianism modus operandi within the colonial criminal justice system. The shifts are the criminalization of inter-tribal competition and honor-based modes of behavior in order to prevent intra-Sunni contestation and to unite Sunnis under Al-Khalifah and colonial authority; and the invention of indigenous Shi'a and Persian Bahrainis as a criminal class as an extension of the sectarianism long practiced by the Al Khalifah (and other Sunni tribes). Together these two shifts birth a modern criminal justice system that institutionalizes Sunni chauvinism and Shi'a discrimination, problems evident in the Bahraini criminal justice system today. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Recommendations. To the government of Bahrain ; To the Public Prosecution Office ; To the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights ; To the Member States of the United Nations Human Rights Council ; To the Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers
I. Prosecution of peaceful protest and political dissent. Military court cases reheard in civilian courts ; Case of the leading activists ; Trial of medical personnel ; Case of Mahdi Abu Deeb and the Bahrain Teachers' Society ; Plot to "kill Asians"
Cases originating in civilian courts
February 14 coalition
Convictions for "insulting the king"
II. Prosecution of security personnel for human rights abuses. Death of Hani Abd al-Aziz Juma ; Deaths of Isa Abd al-Hassan Ali Hussain and Ali Ahmed Abdullah al-Momen ; Death of Fadel Salman Ali Salman Matrouk ; Deaths of Ali Saqer and Zakaria Rashid Hassan al-Asherri ; Death of Abd al-Karim Ali Ahmed Fakhrawi ; Abuse of medical personnel ; Abuse of Nazeeha Saeed
Appendix I: Human Rights Watch letter to Attorney General Ali Fadhul Al Buainain, April 8 2014
Appendix II. Response of the Office of General Prosecutor Ali Fadhul Al Buainain to Human Rights Watch, April 29, 2014.
Appendix. Letter from Human Rights Watch to Minister of Social Development Dr. Fatima Al-Balooshi, May 13, 2013.
"This 87-page report examines restrictive laws and policies that stifle civic and political groups and trade unions. The report shows how authorities use unjust laws to restrict freedom of association by arbitrarily rejecting registration applications and intrusively supervising independent organizations. The government takes over and dissolves--more or less at will--organizations whose leaders criticize government officials and policies, and severely limits the ability of groups to raise money and to receive foreign funding"--Provided by Publisher.